h12Bowed legs also referred to as Genu Varum or Bandiness, is a deformity of the legs in which they are abnormally bent outward. This condition can sometimes be a sign of an underlying disease, such as Blount’s disease or Rickets.
Have you noticed how your knees look like?

Bow Legged Symptoms

The symptoms may include:

– Bowlegs continue beyond age 4.
– Bowing of legs is same on both sides of the body.

It is easy to know if you have it, Your knees will not touch when you stand with your feet and ankles together.

Bow Legged Causes

This condition may be seen in both knees or in only one knee. If it is seen only in one knee, the cause could be:

– Infections like osteomylitis, etc.
– Due to growth abnormalities of upper tibial epiphysis.
– Trauma near the growth epiphysis of femur.
– Tumors affecting the lower end of femur and upper end of tibia.

If it is seen in the both knees, the cause could be physiological or pathological.


In a new bow child and children up to 4 years, the knees are normally bent and tend to touch each other. Physiological bowlegs are a naturally occurring condition in babies, which improves as a child grows. If this deformity persists after 4 years of age then you need to show to a doctor.


Pathological bowing of legs requires treatment, and if untreated, tends to get worse as a child grows. Some diseases of the knee can lead to a serious bow knee deformity:

– Rickets.
– Occupational disorders.
– Developmental defects.
– Birth defects.
– Postural abnormalities.
– Hormonal disorders…

Bow Legged Treatment

Treatment is usually not recommended for toddlers unless an underlying condition has been identified. Physical therapy helps strengthen leg muscles so that the bowing does not progress quickly. Treatment may be recommended if your case is extreme or getting worse. Treatment options include:

– Casts.
– Special shoes.
– Treatment of diseases or conditions that cause bow legged.
– Braces.
– Special exercise techniques.

This deformity of legs is easy to spot, but your doctor can tell you how severe the condition is or whether it is caused by an underlying disease. Being bow legged is a normal occurrence. Pay attention to its progression and be cognizant of whether or not things are getting worse or if they are not improving.