If you work out habitually or reach items from heights regularly, you are at risk of developing a shoulder injury. People who are active in sports are also at higher risk of hurting or injuring their shoulders.
You may not know it but your shoulder joint has the greatest range of motion, especially when compared to the other joints in your body. And because of its mobility, the shoulder has high tendencies of being injured.
The good news is that there certain tips you can keep in mind to avoid injuring or hurting your shoulders. These tips include the following:
Observe good posture. Maintaining proper posture is crucial to long-term shoulder health. When you maintain good posture, your shoulders are in the most stable position they can be in and the more stable they are, the lower the risk of any injury. Maintaining good posture is also important when exercising, especially when doing shoulder workouts.
Stretch after working out. A lot of fitness experts say that active stretching is an exceptionally useful tool to maintain mobility. When you exercise, your muscles contracts and shortens. To maintain your body’s flexibility and ideal alignment, you have to stretch after working out. Your body will be at risk of losing mobility if stretching is not performed in combination with the exercise.
Strengthen your shoulder’s external rotators. Subacromial impingement is one of the most common injuries that occur within the shoulder. This injury causes pain during internal rotation (the same motion that enables you to throw a ball). You can reduce the tendency of shoulder impingement and pain when you strengthen the external rotators. You can achieve this goal by adding some band or cable resisted external rotations to your warm-up exercises to properly stimulate your shoulders.
As much as possible, avoid lateral raises beyond 90 degrees. Another usual cause of subacromial impingement is doing lateral raises too high. In general, some trainers instruct raising the arms to ear-level, which is above 90 degrees. However, physical therapists say that when you abduct your arms or raise them out to the side too high, your shoulders will have to externally rotate to prevent impingement. If this is not done properly, you are at risk of hurting or injuring your shoulders.
Improve your upright row. Lastly, upright row pertains to a safe and effective shoulder building exercise. However, this has to be performed with good form and at a safe range. If done incorrectly, it can also lead to an impingement condition. To do an upright row properly, make sure your elbows never go above shoulder height.